Università degli Studi di Pavia

Dipartimento di Matematica ''F. Casorati''

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Functional Analysis

Professors:
Schimperna Giulio
Year:
2015/2016
Course code:
500659
ECTS:
9
SSD:
MAT/05
DM:
270/04
Lessons:
78
Period:
I semester
Language:
Italian

Objectives

The course is aimed at: a) presenting the basic notions of the theory of Hilbert and Banach spaces with particular emphasis on the latter; b) showing how the techniques of Functional Analysis may be applied to solving concrete mathematical problems; c) illustrating the interplay between theory, results and applications.

Teaching methods

Lessons, partly devoted to the resolution of exercises

Examination

Written and oral exam. The written test is optional and will be proposed only once per year, just after the end of the course.

Prerequisites

Differential and integral calculus for functions of one or more variables. Lebesgue theory of measure and integration. Basic notions of linear algebra.

Syllabus

1. Norms and scalar products. Topological vector spaces. Completeness. Banach and Hilbert spaces. Some examples (spaces of continuous / integrable functions). Duality. Dual spaces. Bounded linear operators.

2. Analytical form of the Hahn-Banach theorem. Applications of the theorem. Duality mapping. Geometrical form of the Hahn-Banach theorem. Convex functions;
convex conjugate function; subdifferential; Fenchel-Moreau theorem.

3. Some fundamental results of the Banach space theory: theorems of Banach-Steinhaus, of the open mapping, and of the closed graph. Consequencees. Unbounded linear operators. Closed operators. Orthogonality relations.

4. Reflexivity. Important examples of reflexive spaces. Seminorms; Minkowski functionals, locally convex spaces, Frechet spaces. Weak and weak* topologies. Weak compactness theorems.
Separability.

5. Lp spaces. Fundamental inequalities. Riesz representation theorems. Reflexivity and separability of Lp. Convolutions. Mollifiers. Ascoli's theorem. Strong compactness in Lp.

6. Hilbert spaces. Projections on a closed convex subset. Stampacchia and Lax-Milgram theorems. Hilbert bases and sums.

7. Sobolev spaces in space dimension 1. Regularity of Sobolev functions. Reflexivity and separability of Sobolev spaces. Extension theorems. Sobolev embeddings. Traces. Applications to partial differential equations.

Bibliography

- Brezis: Analisi Funzionale, Liguori Editore (an English edition, published by Springer, is also available)
- Gilardi: Analisi Funzionale. Argomenti scelti e Applicazioni, McGraw-Hill


Dipartimento di Matematica ''F. Casorati''

Università degli Studi di Pavia - Via Ferrata, 5 - 27100 Pavia
Tel +39.0382.985600 - Fax +39.0382.985602